2.2《了不起的盖茨比》:当我年轻而脆弱的时候(讲解版下)
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试听1802.2《了不起的盖茨比》:当我年轻而脆弱的时候(讲解版下)

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1. whenever: 每当什么事情发生的时候when跟ever构成的一个复合词

Whenever means every time that a particular thing happens.

Whenever something goes wrong, my boss always blames me.每当出状况的时候,我的老板总是责怪我。

马克吐温曾说过一句话Whenever you find yourself on the side of the majority, it is time to pause and reflect.每当你感觉自己站在大多数一边的时候,你就应该去停下来思考一下了。

majority: 大多数; pause: 停下来、暂停(我们这个音乐播放器上的暂停键就叫pause)。

reflect: 反思,turn over in my mind

2. feel like doing something: 想要做什么事情

I feel like going for a walk.我现在想去散个步。

I feel like eating some chocolate.我现在想吃点巧克力。

3. criticize: v. 批评指责n. criticism

criticize someone:批评某人

同义词: blame someone去指责某人;condemn someone去谴责某人

常见搭配

criticizing someone for something / criticizing someone for doing something

- Henry has been criticized for making a big mistake.亨利因为犯了一个大错误而被批评。

bitterlycriticize / sharplycriticize / strongly criticize非常强烈的尖锐的批评

openlycriticize / publiclycriticize公开的批评

4. all the people in this world haven't had: 世界上不是所有人都有

= not all people in this world have had 它的意思是不全是,而不是全部是

all the people in this world:世界上所有的人

haven't had:并没有

- All Americans are not rich.意思不是说全美国人都没钱,而是说不是所有美国人都有钱

5. advantage: 优势有利条件引申意是好处

something that helps you to be more successful than others:拥有而别人所没有的优势

反义词disadvantage

When you are trying to do something, you should consider the advantages and the disadvantages that you have.每当你想做一件事的时候,你可以想一下你所拥有的优势和你的劣势。

常用搭配

advantage over someone

- One of his biggest advantages over his opponent is his experience.他和他的对手相比,优势之一就是他比较有经验。(over someone的意思就是相比别人而言的优势)

to your advantage: 对你有帮助

- It is to your advantage to eat more vegetables. 多吃蔬菜对你比较有利。

at an advantage=have an advantage: 有优势

- Experienced workers tend to be at an advantage when they are trying to have jobs.有经验的工作者在找工作的时候就会比较有优势。

take advantage of someone就是利用某人占某人的便宜

- I can be nice, but I will not let people take advantage of me.我可以对别人很友善,但是我不会允许别人占我的便宜。

great advantage / huge advantage / considerable advantage / big advantage: 很大的优势

key advantage / major advantage / main advantage: 主要的优势

additional advantage: 额外的优势

- My cellphone has the additional advantage of being inexpensive.我的这个手机有个额外的优势就是它特别的便宜。

give someone some advantage / offer someone some advantage / bring someone some advantage

- Having a master’s degree would give me a huge advantage at job interviews.如果我有一个硕士学位的话,我找工作的时候会给我带来很大的优势

马克吐温的名言A person who won't read has no advantage over one who can't read.


“In my younger and more vulnerable years my father gave me some advice that I've been turning over in my mind ever since.

"Whenever you feel like criticizing any one," he told me, "just remember that all the people in this world haven't had the advantages that you've had.”

F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby

“在我年轻而脆弱的时候,我的父亲曾给了我一些建议,我至今都念念不忘。‘每当你想批评别人的时候,’他说,‘你就记住,并不是世界上每一个人都有过你所拥有的优越条件。’ ”

--弗朗西斯•斯科特•菲茨杰拉德 《了不起的盖茨比》


“In my younger and more vulnerable years

“在我年轻而脆弱的时候,

my father gave me some advice

我的父亲曾给了我一些建议,

that I've been turning over in my mind ever since.

我至今都念念不忘。

“In my younger and more vulnerable years my father gave me some advice that I've been turning over in my mind ever since.

“在我年轻而脆弱的时候,我的父亲曾给了我一些建议,我至今都念念不忘。

"Whenever you feel like criticizing any one," he told me,

‘每当你想批评别人的时候,’他说,

"just remember that all the people in this world (not)

‘你就记住,并不是世界上每一个人

haven't had the advantages that you've had.”

都有过你所拥有的优越条件。’ ”

"Whenever you feel like criticizing any one," he told me, "just remember that all the people in this world haven't had the advantages that you've had.”

‘每当你想批评别人的时候,’他说,‘你就记住,并不是世界上每一个人都有过你所拥有的优越条件。’ ”




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