3.1《麦田里的守望者》:成熟就是为理想卑贱地活着(讲解版上)
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试听1803.1《麦田里的守望者》:成熟就是为理想卑贱地活着(讲解版上)

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1. Phony虚伪的、虚假的

2. Mark记号、标记

A mark is a sign.

Mark在墙上画一个标志(原意)

Birthmark胎记(Birth:出生,mark:标记)

Mark 衣服搞脏的那些污渍

He’s got marks all over his T-shirt.他的T恤上全是污渍、污迹。

Mark+er 记号笔

Mark n.分数,同义词叫做score;v.打分

He always gets good marks.他的成绩总是很好。

Mark the exam papers 改考卷

Full marks 满分

A mark of respect = A mark of honour尊敬的标志

3. Immature不成熟

Mature成熟

Maturity n.

反义词:immaturity

4. Noble高贵的、高尚的、尊贵的

Nobly adv.高贵的、英勇的,形容非常伟大英雄人物做的事情

5. Cause事业、理想

Die for something 为...而死

Cause 一项事业、一项理想

Cause means something that a group of people support or fight for.

事业、理想、一个让人愿意为之奋斗的目标。

She has been fighting for the cause of women’s rights.她一直在为女权事业奋斗。所以这边就是为这项事业英勇的、高贵的献身。

Cause原因、理由

Cause and effect 原因和结果,因果。

Cause导致、引起、让什么事情发生

The car accident caused 5000 dollars of damage.交通事故造成了5000美元的损失。

Cause somebody trouble

My boss has caused me a lot of trouble.老板给我造成了很多的麻烦。

“Shallow men believe in luck,strong men believe in cause and effect.”

-Ralph Waldo Emerson

“Truth never damages a cause that is just.”

-Gandhi

6. Mature成熟

Someone who is mature behaves in a sensible and reasonable way, as you would expect an adult to behave.

反义词immature

Henry is very mature for his age.亨利和他的年龄相比还是非常成熟的。

Mature水果成熟,同义词是ripe

Mature market经济学上成熟的市场

Mature industry 成熟的产业

Mature v.变成熟

She has matured a lot since I last saw her.跟上次见到她相比,她现在成熟了很多。

Mature into

She has matured into a beautiful young woman. 她现在已经长成了一位年轻漂亮的女人了。

Become mature变成熟

Emotionally mature 情感上成熟

Physically mature 身体上成熟

There are people who are physically mature but emotionally immature.很多人是身体上成熟了,心理上还没有成熟。

Act mature

“I don’t try to act mature.”

-Taylor Swift

“Solitude is painful when one is young but delightful when one is more mature.”

Solitude 独处

7. Die for为...而死

Die for the cause 为这项事业而死

Die for the country 为国家而死

Die from/die of 因为什么而死

Die from a heart attack死于心脏病发作。

The fire has died down. Die down是火熄灭。

Die out 灭绝,绝迹

Die away 渐渐的变弱

The wind has died away.风渐渐地停了。

8. While

The mark of the immature man is that he wants to die nobly for a cause. While连接一个并列的句子,意思是同时,可以翻译成“而”。

9. Humbly谦卑的

Die for something 为...而死

Live for something 为...而活

Humbly adv.谦卑的

Humility谦卑(n.)

A humble person 一个谦卑的人

In my humble opinion 窃以为,有一些幽默色彩的。

Your humble servant您卑贱的仆人,表达谦卑的。像我们中国人以前写的信会写顿首,给你磕头的意思。


“The mark of the immature man is that he wants to die nobly for a cause, while the mark of the mature man is that he wants to live humbly for one.”

--J.D. Salinger, The Catcher in the Rye

“Anyway, I keep picturing all these little kids playing some game in this big field of rye and all. Thousands of little kids, and nobody's around - nobody big, I mean - except me. And I'm standing on the edge of some crazy cliff. What I have to do, I have to catch everybody if they start to go over the cliff - I mean if they're running and they don't look where they're going I have to come out from somewhere and catch them. That's all I do all day. I'd just be the catcher in the rye and all. I know it's crazy, but that's the only thing I'd really like to be.”

― J. D. Salinger, The Catcher in the Rye

“一个不成熟的人的标志是他愿意为某一事业英勇地死去,而一个成熟的人的标志则是他愿为某一事业谦卑地活着。”

——杰罗姆•大卫•塞林格,《麦田里的守望者》


不管怎样,我老在想象,有那么一群小孩在一大块麦田里做游戏。成千上万个小孩,附近没有一个人——我是说没有一个大人——除了我。而我就站在那奇高无比的悬崖边。我的职责是站在那里守望,要是有哪个孩子往悬崖边奔来,我就把他捉住——我是说,如果孩子们狂奔乱跑,也不看自己是在往哪儿跑,我就得从某个地方冲出来,把他们捉住。我整天就干这事。我只想当个麦田里的守望者。我知道这想法太疯狂了,可我真的就只喜欢干这事。”

——杰罗姆·大卫·塞林格,《麦田里的守望者》



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