晨读英语美文 Work and Play
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晨读英语美文 Work and Play

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Work and Play


[00:08.38]Our everyday existence is divided into two phases, 


[00:16.68]as distinct as day and night. 


[00:18.99]We call them work and play. 


[00:21.93]We work so many hours a day, 


[00:24.79]and when we have allowed the necessary minimum 


[00:27.30]for such activities as eating and shopping, 


[00:29.50]the rest we spend in various activities 


[00:32.44]which are known as recreations, 


[00:34.08]an elegant word which disguises the fact 


[00:37.13]that we usually do not even play in our hours of leisure, 


[00:40.00]but spend them in various forms 


[00:42.35]of passive enjoyment or entertainment  


[00:44.58]not football but watching football matches; 


[00:48.07]not acting, but theatre-going; 


[00:50.93]not walking, but riding in a motor coach.


[00:53.98]Therefore we need to define clearly the difference 


[00:59.67]not only between work and play but, 


[01:02.31]equally, between active play and passive entertainment. 


[01:06.46]It is, I suppose, 


[01:08.63]the decline of active play  


[01:10.05]of amateur sport  


[01:11.81]and the enormous growth of purely receptive entertainment 


[01:15.19]which has given rise to a sociological interest in the problem. 


[01:19.24]If the greater part of the population, 


[01:22.54]instead of indulging in sport, 


[01:24.49]spend their hours of leisure viewing television programmes, 


[01:28.12]there will inevitably be a decline in health and physique. 


[01:31.97]And in addition, there will be a psychological problem, 


[01:36.23]for we have yet to trace the mental and moral consequences 


[01:39.83]of a prolonged diet of sentimental 


[01:42.25]or sensational spectacles on the screen. 


[01:44.75]There is, if we are optimistic, 


[01:48.16]the possibility that the diet is too thin 


[01:50.44]and not nourishing enough 


[01:52.11]to have much permanent effect on anybody. 


[01:53.96]Nine films out of ten seem 


[01:56.83]to leave absolutely no impression on the mind 


[01:58.99]or imagination of those who see them: 


[02:01.16]few people can give a coherent account of the film 


[02:04.99]they saw the week before last, 


[02:06.08]and at longer intervals they must rely on the management 


[02:10.02]to see that they do not sit through the same film twice.




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