休假也有大学问 ︱Learn to be at leisure

休假也有大学问 ︱Learn to be at leisure



Learn to be at leisure休假也有大学问

Feeling overwhelmed by your to-do list can certainly make you unhappy, but new research suggests that more free time might not be the magic elixir many of us dream it could be.


Engaging in a bit of low-key cardio, like walking, can help burn stress. Free-time activities like knitting, reading, cooking or gaming are also known to put people in a state of flow.


We feel like we want to have the best bang for our buck and minutes. So we invest more money in leisure. Better hotels, better movie experiences – like IMAX or Netflix in 4K – better everything.

我们总是想要收到的回报与花掉钱和时间成正比,所以便变本加厉,在休闲娱乐上花更多的钱。比如,住更豪华酒店,享受更高级观影体验:IMAX电影、升级版的4K Netflix大片……一切都要加个“更”字。

All this can lead to hours poring over reviews diligently planning leisure activities.


But our ability to purchase and enjoy goods and services has risen much more rapidly than the amount of time available for us to enjoy them”.


New research shows that we judge future positive events as both farther away and shorter than negative or neutral ones, leading us to feel like a holiday is over as soon as it begins.


Equally, the way we chase top-notch leisure experiences has made recreation more stressful than ever. High expectations may clash with our experienced reality, making it feel anti-climactic.


Conspicuous consumption used to be a way for people to display their money through scarce luxury goods. Now, they flaunt how they spend their valuable time only on activities that are truly meaningful, productive or spectacular.


For example, only 14% of Americans take two weeks' vacation in a row, a finding in keeping with the overwork culture. The same study reports that as of 2017, 54% of American workers didn’t use up their vacation time, leaving 662 million days reserved for leisure unused.


Selin A Malkoc, associate professor at The Ohio State University, says certain people perceive leisure as lacking value, even when it doesn’t interfere with their pursuit of goals. These negative beliefs about leisure are associated with lower reported happiness and greater reported depression, anxiety and stress.


Regardless of which end of the spectrum you fall on, is to relax the productivity mindset. A way to do this is by “assuming a broader perspective on life and anticipating your long-term regrets, as it allows people to enjoy the present more”.


For those seeking to intensify leisure, researchers recommend doing one thing that’s “completely insane” in the middle, such as bungee jumping, and one equally grandiose thing at the end (for instance, a spa day or indulgent meal) to elevate the entire experience and maximise hedonic utility overall.


Having a “functional alibi” that articulates a purpose for an activity (such as the health and productivity benefits of taking a much-needed vacation) allows many consumers to relax without feeling guilty.