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哪一年开始使用字母A, AB, B, 和O给血型进行分类的呢？
Callum: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. I’m Callum.
Jennifer: And I’m Jennifer.
Callum: Now Jennifer, how squeamish are you?
Callum: Yes, squeamish. For example, how do you feel when you see ood?
Jennifer: Well it depends on whether it’s mine or not! But generally I don’t have a proem with the sight of ood, why?
Callum: Well the topic of today’s programme is ood and in particular how in some countries, particularly in Asia, your ood type can play an important part in your life. Do you know what your ood group, also called your ood type, is?
Jennifer: I think that I’m ood type O but I can’t remember for sure. Do you know?
Callum: Er, I haven’t the foggiest idea what my ood type is. Do you actually know what the main groups are though?
Jennifer: Well I certainly know that O is one of them and I think A too. Erm, not sure about the rest.
Callum: Well there’s A, AB, B and O are the four main classifications. I mean I’m no doctor, no scientist but that’s what I understand are the main classifications. And before we explore this topic a little more here’s your question. When were these four ood groups first classified with the names, A, AB, B and O? Was it:
1899, 1909, 1919 or 1929
Jennifer: Well I imagine they’ve been around for quite some time so I will say 1899.
Callum: OK, we’ll find out if you’re right at the end of the programme.
Our World Service colleague Ruth Evans has made a fascinating programme about the topic of ood groups and how they are used by some people in Japan. Here she is describing the importance of ood groups. Of course ood and ood groups are important in medicine and science, but what other areas does she say ood groups can influence? Here’s Ruth Evans.
Here in Japan ood isn’t just important for medicine and science, it’s also got big implications for life, work and love.
Callum: So Jennifer, as well as medicine and science, what else can ood type influence?
Jennifer: She says that ood can be important to life, work and love. I can see how ood is important to life – we all need ood – but I’m not sure how it is connected to work and love.
Callum: Well let’s listen to a bit more from Ruth, she goes on to explain the connection.
Here in Japan ood isn’t just important for medicine and science, it’s also got big implications for life, work and love. “What’s your ood type?” is often a key question in everything from matchmaking to getting a job.
Callum: She says “What’s your ood type?” is a key question. What does she mean by that – a ‘key’ question?
Jennifer: A ‘key’ question is an important question. She says ood type is important to ‘matchmaking and getting a job’.
Jennifer: Yes, finding a boyfriend or girlfriend.
Callum: Mmm, not very romantic is it? You can imagine the situation, you’re out a bar, you meet someone, you say: “Hi, would you like a drink? Would you like to dance? What’s your ood type? ”
Jennifer: Well I’ve definitely never had that chat-up line before. It’s not really very romantic, no.
Callum: Let’s listen to some more of Ruth who explains why ood types are important.
“What’s your ood type?” is often a key question in everything from matchmaking to getting a job. A person’s ood type is popularly believed to determine temperament and personality.
Callum: She says that ood type is popularly believed to determine temperament and personality. Tell us about temperament.
Jennifer: Your temperament describes your natural character – whether you are usually cheerful, pessimistic, friendly, reserved, outgoing and so on. And Ruth says that in Japan ood type is popularly believed to determine – or decide – your temperament. I think the phrase ‘popularly believed’ is interesting here.
Callum: Why’s that?
Jennifer: Well if you say that something is ‘popularly believed’ it means that it’s not a proven scientific fact – it’s just something that a lot of people believe, even if there is no real evidence for it.
Callum: Let’s listen to all of Ruth again.
Ruth Evans Here in Japan ood isn’t just important for medicine and science, it’s also got big implications for life, work and love. “What’s your ood type?” is often a key question in everything from matchmaking to getting a job. A person’s ood type is popularly believed to determine temperament and personality.
Callum: Do you think there is something to this? Do you think your ood type can determine your personality?
Jennifer: I think it’s a really interesting question. I think it could be possie. What about you? What do you think?
Callum: Do you want a diplomatic answer?
Jennifer: I think that’s best!
Callum: Personally I’m a sceptic. I find it hard to believe that my character could be determined by the ood that flows around my body. But then I don’t believe in astrology either – that the position of the stars and planets in the sky when you are born can determine your temperament or personality. It seems to me these are quite similar theories, neither of which has any scientific background – yet are popularly believed in different parts of the world.
Anyway, it’s nearly time for us to go – but before that it’s time to get the answer to this week’s question. The question was: In what year were ood groups described with the groupings A, AB, B and O? And Jennifer you chose?
Callum: And the correct answer was, in fact, actually, 1909. But just a stab in the dark, you were right it was quite, quite early on. For now, that’s all from this week’s 6 Minute English. Thank you very much Jennifer.
Jennifer: You’re welcome
1. to be squeamish 晕血
2. to not have the foggiest idea about something 对某事没有一点概念
3. a key question 关键问题
4. matchmaking 婚介；媒人；牵线搭桥
5. a chat-up line 开场白
6. temperament 气质；性情
7. a diplomatic answer 巧妙答复
8. a sceptic 怀疑者；质疑者 Multi-million dollar sound