NO. 55 Eyewitness 目击者
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NO. 55 Eyewitness 目击者

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Can you trust your own eyes?

 

OK.So in which part of the brain is there an area dedicated to (专心致力于…) rememberingfaces? Is it…

a)the temporal lobe  颞叶

b)the hypothalamus  下丘脑

c)the cerebellum   小脑

 

1

We reconstruct (重建;修复) - or rebuild -memories, and during this process, they may be distorted (曲解) – orchanged – for different reasons. Let's listen to Tim Valentine, retiredprofessor of psychology at Goldsmith's College at the University of London,talking about this.

 

2

Fromall those TV dramas you've watched you'll be familiar with the forensic (法医的) scenesof crimes officers wearing their paper suits and covering their shoes and theirhair to make sure they don't introduce their DNA or physical traces onto thecrime scene.

 

3

Socrime officers wear protective clothing at crime scenes so they don't contaminate (污染;弄脏) itwith their DNA. 

4  a crime scene 犯罪现场

   commita crime  犯罪

A crime scene is a place where a crime was committed.

 

5

And at knifepoint (在刀子威胁下) means 'under threat of beingstabbed'. 

6

Eyewitness accounts (目击证人陈述) cansound very convincing in court – but in fact according to research, they areoften unreliable (不可靠的).

7

It's disconcerting (困惑的;不安的) to think that we're going through liferelying on our memories and then to learn how mistaken they can be – and howfrequently. Second is that the testimony (证词;口供) of eyewitnesseshas become a very expected piece of criminal trial (审讯;审理) so jurors (陪审团) sortof anticipate (预期) it, look for it, and tend to believe it.


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