NO. 54 Animal Phobia 动物恐惧症
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NO. 54 Animal Phobia 动物恐惧症

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亲们,是发送   NO54

大写的NO,和54间没有空格。。。




Animal phobias 恐惧症 无名的极度恐惧

-phobia (构成名词的恐惧症

 

 

Can you tell me, Neil, what's the word that describes an irrational fear of insects? Is it…

a) entomophobia  昆虫恐惧症

b) thanatophobia  死亡恐惧症

c) pogonophobia  胡须恐惧症

 

1

I'm not keen on(喜爱,有兴趣) anything with wings, but I particularlyhate moths(飞蛾).They're disgusting(极其讨厌的;恶心的), with their fat hairy bodies and… fluttery wings(扑腾的翅膀)!

 

2

If something makes your flesh creep (使你鸡皮疙瘩) it makes youfeel very frightened. Well, I hope you're going to survive the show today,Neil, because it's all ut animal phobias – and a phobia is a strong and irrational (没有道理的;不合逻辑的) fear.That's a fear not based on reason.

3

I can't stand (不能容忍,忍受) dogs.

4

neuroscientist 神经学科学家

5

The sensory information is just relayed (转接,转送信息) directly into your brain. One part of it is routed (按某线路发送) into the cortex(大脑皮层, where it's sort of thought ut: 'that's that thing, I know that from last time I experienced this', and you can kind of rationalise (使合理化;对…进行理性的解释) your way through it.

6

But it also sends a message directly to the amygdala (扁桃体, which immediately triggers (触发;引起;发动) the 'fight or flight' response – bang, fire alarm, off it goes, flood the body just in case.It's a survival mechanism (生存机制).

7

The fight or flight response (应激反应) is a normal response to stress or danger, and it involves the hormone adrenalin beingpumped quickly round the body.

 

8

Pass out (昏迷;失去知觉means to faint or lose consciousness, by the way.

9

Well,we're going to hear from Stephen and Reena now, two self-confessed (自己承认的) arachnophobes(蜘蛛恐惧症).

10

Yes,but recent research has shown that we have a reflexive awareness (反射性认识of spiders – whether we fear them or not – which means we can spot them automatically without thinking ut it.

 

 


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