NO. 52 schadenfreude 幸灾乐祸

NO. 52 schadenfreude 幸灾乐祸



Thebenefits of schadenfreude (幸灾乐祸;以他人的不幸为乐)

1       schadenfreude  幸灾乐祸

loanword  借词;外来词

Schadenfreude is what we cancall a loanword - a word from one language that is used in anotherlanguage without being changed. 



Thisis about false cognates (同源语,同语系)– also calledfalse friends - words that look the same in two languages but have differentmeanings. So in English we have the word 'rat' but what does that mean inGerman? Is it…

a)a big mouse




3       celebrity  名人

areality TV show  真人秀

comeuppance  报应;应得的惩罚

Andstudies have shown this feeling is quite normal – particularly when is happensto someone we envy.  If we see a wealthy celebrity suffering on a reality TV show, or are exposed for not paying theirtaxes, we feel good. We say they've had their comeuppance.



Thenthe question is where this joy arises, is this actually joy experienced towardsthe misfortune of others or is it also at least partly about a just (公正的;正义的) situation – that this misfortune of another actually appeals to a sense of justice.That's also the reason why we like the misfortune of hypocrites (伪君子;伪善者;虚伪的人) becauseif they fall down that also is a deserved situation. 



Ithink it's perfectly reasonable that we could genuinely commiserate (同情;怜悯) withsomeone else's misfortune at the same time as a terrible sly (诡秘的) smilespreading across our lips because, you know, something we've envied about themhas turned out not to work out so well or whatever it is.