英语练习:The rise of drones

英语练习:The rise of drones




来自  Learning English 的英语老牌学习项目,地道英音对话,话题与生活息息相关。
















Hello I’m Rob and this is 6 Minute English– a programme that brings you an interesting topic, authentic listening practice and some vocabulary to help you improve your language skills. Joining me today is Neil.
Hello. And today we’re discussing those pilotless aircraft that we seem to be hearing and reading a lot about at the moment.
You mean drones. And yes, they are in the news quite often for good and bad reasons. They’ve been used for many things from smuggling drugs, detecting water leaks and surveillance.
And surveillance, that means ‘the act of carefully watching someone or something’, perhaps a criminal. But also it means spying, maybe on me and you, Rob. So should we be welcoming the rise of the use of drones?
Well, before our discussion about that ’takes off’, we need to set today’s question for you to answer, Neil.
What are you droning on about, Rob? And by that I don’t mean ‘flying a drone’, I mean ‘talking too much in a very boring way’!
Thanks Neil. Now just answer this, will you? Drones are sometimes also referred to as UAVs. So, what does UAV stand for? Is it… a) Unidentified aerial vehicle b) Unmanned aerial vehicle or c) Unaided aircraft vehicle
谢谢你,尼尔。现在只回答我的问题,好吗?无人机有时也会被称作UAVs。所以UAV代表什么?是 a) Unidentified aerial vehicle b) Unmanned aerial vehicle 还是 c) Unaided aircraft vehicle
Well, I’m going to go for b) unmanned aerial vehicle.
好吧,我选b) unmanned aerial vehicle。
OK, well, we’ll see if you’re right later on. Now let’s talk more about drones, which apparently seem to be everywhere now.
But are they safe and are they necessary? I’ve heard about them being a hazard to aircraft, because they’ve been flown close to airports.
Well, figures in 2016 showed that in the UK there were 70 near misses involving drones. And that’s more than double the year before. So that is a little worrying.
Yes. And there’s the potential risk of people’s privacy being invaded when a drone is flown over their property with a camera attached to it.
Ah, but those cameras are also good at capturing some great aerial footage. That’s the film recording of the view from above the ground. So they’re not all bad. And Dr Yoge Patel would agree. She is CEO of Bluebear, which supplies unmanned planes and drones. Here she is speaking about drones on the BBC’s Woman’s Hour programme.
They have the potential to be dangerous, agreed. They also have though, on the flip side, the ability to be a game changer in both domestic use and in military use. So, some of our drones are being used for aircraft inspections. We’ve put our drones into Fukushima.
So there you go, Neil. There are many useful things drones can do.And Dr Patel said they have the ability to be a game changer.
And by that you mean ‘something that completely changes the way something is done or thought about’.
Yes. Her company has used drones to inspect the inside of the damaged Fukushima Nuclear Power Station in Japan. And another example of drones being a game changer is UNICEF and the Malawian government testing drones for carrying medical supplies. This could help save lives in remote places.
And I have read that in Australia, lifeguards are using drones to help rescue swimmers, who get in trouble in the sea.
And have you heard about a Japanese firm that’s planning to use a drone to force employees out of their offices by playing music at them if they stay to work evening overtime?
I haven’t, but you’ve convinced me. It seems like the sky’s the limit for the uses of drones! I mean there’s no limit to what they can do. But I am a little concerned about how they are regulated or controlled.
Well, Dr Yoge Patel says because the technology is new, regulations or legal controls are developing all the time.
As technology progresses, regulation and operational use needs to then be harmonised with it. And we are, as a community, going through that whole process of saying what is proportionate and appropriate regulation to go with different uses of drones.
So she talked about regulations being harmonised as technology progresses.
So I think she means ‘making regulations suitable and appropriate for what the drones are being used for’. So they need some control, but not so they can’t be useful and effective.
Like flying drones to stop you working late! Now Rob, I’m dying to know what the other name for a drone is.
OK, let me tell you. So earlier I asked what does UAV stand for? Was it… a) Unidentified aerial vehicle b) Unmanned aerial vehicle or c) Unaided aircraft vehicle
好的,让我告诉你答案吧。之前我问你UAV代表什么?是a) Unidentified aerial vehicle b) Unmanned aerial vehicle 还是c) Unaided aircraft vehicle
And I said b), was that correct?
Yes Neil, you know your drones. That’s correct. Well done. UAVs or drones have been around for quite a while in different forms.It’s thought they were first used for providing practice targets for training military personnel. OK Neil, let’s quickly go over some of the vocabulary we have mentioned today, starting with surveillance.
"The police kept the jewellery shop under surveillance, because they had a tip-off about a robbery."So that means ‘carefully watching someone or something, usually to try to stop something illegal’.
Then we mentioned aerial footage – that’s film recording made from the sky. "The aerial footage on TV of the dolphin swimming was spectacular."
然后我们提到了aerial footage-那是在空中拍摄到的影像记录。电视上海豚游泳的航拍画面非常壮观。
Yes, drones have been a game changer for wildlife programmes on TV. That means ‘something that completely changes the way something is done or thought about’.
We also mentioned the phrase ’the sky’s the limit’, meaning ‘there’s no limit to something’. "The sky is the limit to what professional footballers can earn these days."
我们同样提到了'the sky's the limit'词组,指的是某事物没有限制。职业足球运动员现在挣得没数了。
Then we discussed harmonised – that describes two things being suitable for each other to allow them to work properly."The garden has been designed to harmonise with the natural landscape."