3.师说-韩愈(唐)-- 高考必背古诗词
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3.师说-韩愈(唐)-- 高考必背古诗词

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古之学者必有师。师者,所以传道业解惑也。人非生而知之者孰能无惑?惑而不从师,其为惑也,终不解矣。生乎吾前,其闻道也固先乎吾,吾从而师之;生乎吾后其闻道也亦先乎吾吾从而师之。吾师道也,夫知其年之先后生于吾乎?是故无贵无贱无长无少道之所存师之所存也


嗟乎!师道之不传也久矣!欲人之无惑也难矣!古之圣人,其出人也远矣,犹且从师而问焉;今之众人,其下圣人也亦远矣,而耻学于师。是故圣益圣,愚益愚。圣人之所以为圣,愚人之所以为愚,其皆出于此乎?爱其子择师而教之于其身也则耻师焉惑矣。彼童子之师,授之书而习其句读者,非吾所谓传其道解其惑者也。句dòu)之不知,惑之不解,或师焉,或不(fǒu)焉,小学而大遗吾未见其明也。巫医乐师百工之人,不耻相师。士大夫之族,曰师曰弟子云者,则群聚而笑之。问之,则曰:“彼与彼年相若也,道相似也。位卑则足羞,官盛则近)。”呜呼!师道之不复可知矣。巫医乐师百工之人,君子不齿今其智乃反不能及,其可怪也


圣人无常师。孔子师郯(tán)子、苌(cháng)弘、师襄、老聃(dān)。郯子之徒,其贤不及孔子。孔子曰:三人行,则必有我师。是故弟子不必不如师师不必贤于弟子闻道有先后术业有专攻如是而已

李氏子蟠,年十七,好古文,六艺经传(zhuàn)皆通习之,不拘于时,学于余。余嘉其能行古道,作《师说》以)之。

【本篇理解性默写及真题检测】


1.在《师说》中,韩愈对当时耻于学习的现象发出了两句概叹:“                    !”其中“久”字写出看当时耻师现象已成陋习,“难”字写出了从师学习的重要性。


2.韩愈在《师说》中说:从师与年纪无关,比自己年纪大的人,闻道在自己之先,要以之为师,而“                                   。”



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答案
1.
师道之不传也久矣!欲人之无惑也难矣!
2.
生乎吾后,其闻道也亦先乎吾,吾从而师之。

哈佛图书馆里的二十条训言 

1. This moment will nap, you will have a dream; But this moment study,you will interpret a dream
此刻打盹,你将做梦;而此刻学习,你将圆梦。 
2. I leave uncultivated today, was precisely yesterday perishestomorrow which person of the body implored
我荒废的今日,正是昨日殒身之人祈求的明日。 
3.Thought is already is late, exactly is the earliest time
觉得为时已晚的时候,恰恰是最早的时候。 
4.Not matter of the today will drag tomorrow
勿将今日之事拖到明日。 
5.Time the study pain is temporary, has not learned the pain islife-long
学习时的苦痛是暂时的,未学到的痛苦是终生的。 
6.Studies this matter, lacks the time, but is lacks diligently
学习这件事,不是缺乏时间,而是缺乏努力。 
7. Perhaps happiness does not arrange the position, but succeeds mustarrange the position
幸福或许不排名次,但成功必排名次。 
8.The study certainly is not the life complete. But, sincecontinually life part of - studies also is unable to conquer, what butalso can make
学习并不是人生的全部。但既然连人生的一部分——学习也无法征服,还能做什么呢? 
9.Please enjoy the pain which is unable to avoid
请享受无法回避的痛苦。 
10.Only has compared to the others early, diligently diligently, canfeel the successful taste
只有比别人更早、更勤奋地努力,才能尝到成功的滋味。 
11.Nobody can casually succeed, it comes from the thoroughself-control and the will
谁也不能随随便便成功,它来自彻底的自我管理和毅力。 
12.The time is passing
时间在流逝。 
13.Now drips the saliva, will become tomorrow the tear
现在流的口水,将成为明天的眼泪。 
14.The dog equally study, the gentleman equally plays
狗一样地学,绅士一样地玩。 
15.Today does not walk, will have to run tomorrow
今天不走,明天要跑。  

16. The investment future person will be, will be loyal to the realityperson 

投资未来的人,是忠于现实的人。  

17. The education level represents the income 

受教育程度代表收入。  

18.  One day, has not been able again to come 

一天过完,不会再来。  

19. Even if the present, the match does not stop changes the page 

即使现在,对手也不停地翻动书页。  

20.  Has not been difficult, then does not have attains
没有艰辛,便无所获。
 

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